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difference between data science and machine learning

Data Science

Difference Between Data Science and Machine Learning

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Arpit Mehar

Content Developer Associate at almaBetter

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Published on09 May, 2023

Both Data Science and Machine Learning correspond with in-demand and high-earning career paths. However, although Data Science is a rewarding career, it is challenging and demands a heavy set of skills. This blog will examine the significant differences between Data Science and Machine Learning and how these notions change how organizations function.

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What is Data Science and Machine Learning?

Before understanding the difference between Data Science and Machine Learning, let’s briefly understand both concepts.

Data Science

Data Science is the detailed study of massive amounts of data in an organization’s hold. The study is a long process that includes finding out the origin of data and breakdown of content matter and how to utilize this information for the organization’s future growth. The data is generally categorized into two forms: structured or unstructured. Data Science is extensively used by several massive organizations such as Netflix and Amazon and sectors such as healthcare, airlines, and fraud detection.

Machine Learning

On the other hand, Machine Learning is the study where computers are optimized to adapt without being explicitly programmed. The primary use of Machine Learning is to provide future predictions without human intervention with the help of pre-optimized algorithms. Both Data Science and Machine Learning are extensively used by tech giants such as Meta, Microsoft, Google, etc.

Data Science vs. Machine Learning

Now that we have learned about Data Science and Machine Learning, let’s move on to the significant differences between Data Science and Machine Learning. We have researched extensively on both concepts, and here are the essential dissimilarities between the two studies:

Data Science

Data Science is an interdisciplinary discipline that requires algorithms, scientific methods, and systems to extract information from massive amounts of structured and unstructured data.

Several Data Science techniques allow you to build insights from data dealing with all real-world intricacies.

Primarily, all input data is generated in a human-readable format which humans analyze for further processing.

Another difference between Data Science and Machine Learning is that Data science can work with manual methods.

Data Science can be defined as a complete process.

Data Science is not a subspace of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Skills required

If you are looking forward to becoming a Data Scientist, there are several programming and data analytical skills you’ll need to excel in this domain. Let’s have a look at the must-have skills:

  • Solid knowledge of programming languages such as Python, SAS, R, and more.
  • Proficiency in working with massive amounts of structured and unstructured data
  • Ability to understand and work with multiple analytics functions
  • Strong understanding of mathematics, probability, and statistics
  • Data visualization and wrangling skills
  • Strong knowledge of data mining

Machine learning

Machine Learning is the scientific study of statistical models and algorithms, and it is used to perform specific tasks.

Machine Learning is utilized for the predictions as well as for the classification of new data points.

Input data for Machine Learning is always transformed for computers, especially for the algorithms used.

Machine Learning algorithms are next to impossible to implement manually.

Machine Learning is a single stage in the entire Data Science process.

Machine Learning technology is a subspace of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Skills required

If your interest lies in Machine Learning and you want to forge a career as a Machine Learning Engineer, here are some of the skills you’d need in your arsenal:

  • Strong knowledge of computer science, especially algorithms, architecture, and data structures
  • Expertise in concepts such as statistics and probability
  • Proficiency in software engineering and system design
  • Ability to conduct analysis and data modeling
  • Solid understanding of programming languages such as Python, R, and more
  • Implementation of suitable Machine Learning algorithms and tools
  • Strong knowledge of deep learning techniques

Conclusion

While both Data Science and Machine Learning are a part of the entire Data Science process, there are certainly many differences between the two concepts. We have mentioned the fundamental difference between Data Science and Machine Learning, and now it’s your turn to kick start your learning journey with AlmaBetter’s Full Stack Data Science program.

Our program will provide the best curriculum, including fundamental and advanced Data Science and Machine Learning concepts. Once you complete our program, you will be proficient enough to choose a career between Data Science and Machine Learning.

Read our recent blog on “What are the different paths to enter a Data Science career?

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Kamya Malhotra
Statistical Analyst
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