how to do seo for website

Web Development

How to Do SEO for Website: The Ultimate Guide For Beginners


Arunav Goswami

Web Development Consultant at almaBetter

people6 mins


Published on07 Jun, 2023

Did you know that Google processes over 3.5 billion searches per day? In this digital age, search engines have become the go-to source for finding information, products, and services. This makes Search Engine Optimization (SEO) an essential aspect of any website's success. SEO aids in boosting your website's position in search engine results, thereby driving more organic traffic and increasing visibility. This article will present an all-inclusive guide on SEO website optimization, covering essential techniques and best practices.

The Story of John's Local Bakery

John, a passionate baker, opened a small bakery in his neighborhood. He was confident that his exceptional baking skills, warm personality, and cozy atmosphere would attract customers from near and far. However, he soon realized that his bakery was not getting the attention it deserved. New customers were scarce, and his bakery struggled to stand out among the increasing competition in the area. John knew he needed to find a solution to increase visibility and attract more customers, so he turned to the internet for answers.

That's when John discovered the power of SEO. He learned that by optimizing his website, he could improve its ranking on search engines, making it easier for potential customers to find his bakery when searching for local bakeries or specific baked goods. Excited about this newfound knowledge, John decided to take action and implement various SEO techniques to boost his website's performance. As a result of his diligent efforts, John's website began to rank higher on search engine results pages, attracting more organic traffic and, ultimately, more customers.

Understanding SEO


SEO Meaning

SEO involves fine-tuning your website to enhance its visibility and position on search engines such as Google, Bing, and Yahoo. This is achieved by making your website more user-friendly, relevant, and authoritative in the eyes of search engines. As a result, you boost the likelihood of your website being featured on the initial page of search outcomes, a vital aspect since 75% of users don't navigate beyond the first page.

How to do SEO for a Website

As more businesses shift online, understanding how to do SEO for website step by step becomes increasingly vital to maintain visibility in search engine results and drive organic traffic.

1. Keyword Research:

Researching Keyword

Researching Keyword

The foundation of SEO is understanding the keywords or phrases that users search for when looking for information, products, or services related to your website. Conduct thorough keyword research using tools like Google Keyword Planner, Ahrefs, or SEMrush to identify popular and relevant keywords for your content. Aim for a mix of short-tail and long-tail keywords to target a broad range of search queries.

2. Page Optimization:

On-Page Optimization

On-Page Optimization

Optimize your website's content and HTML source code to improve its relevance and authority for target keywords. Key elements to focus on include:

  • Title Tags: Create distinct and informative title tags for every page, integrating relevant keywords. Aim for a title tag length of 60-70 characters, as search engines typically truncate titles beyond this limit.
  • Meta Descriptions: Write compelling meta descriptions that summarize the content of each page and encourage users to click through. Include target keywords and limit meta descriptions to 160 characters.
  • URL Structure: Create clean, descriptive, and keyword-rich URLs for your pages. This not only assists search engines in comprehending the content but also enhances the user experience.
  • Header Tags: Utilize header tags (H1, H2, H3) to organize your content and enhance its readability. Incorporate target keywords in header tags, but avoid keyword stuffing.
  • Image Alt Texts: Images on your website should have descriptive alt texts that include target keywords. This assists search engines understand the content of the image and improves your site's accessibility for users who rely on screen readers. Alt texts also provide context for users in case an image fails to load.
  • Content: Produce top-notch, insightful, and captivating content that answers users' questions and provides value. Ensure that your content is original, well-structured, and incorporates target keywords naturally.
  • Internal and External Links: Another essential aspect of SEO is incorporating internal and external links within your content. Internal links help users navigate your website and encourage them to explore more content, which can improve user experience and increase the time spent on your site. Linking to relevant pages within your website also helps search engines understand your site structure and identify important content.

3. Technical SEO:

Address technical aspects of your website to improve its performance, accessibility, and crawlability. Key factors to consider include:

  • Mobile Responsiveness: Ensure that your website is mobile-friendly, as Google favors responsive designs in its ranking algorithm. Use tools like Google's Mobile-Friendly Test to evaluate your website's mobile performance.
  • Site Speed:  Enhance your website's loading speed, as slow-loading pages negatively impact user experience and search rankings. To boost site speed, compress images, reduce the size of CSS and JavaScript files, and take advantage of browser caching.
  • SSL Certificate: Secure your website with an SSL certificate to protect user data and improve your website's credibility. Search engines prioritize secure (HTTPS) websites in search results.
  • Sitemaps: Create an XML sitemap to help search engines understand your website's structure and crawl its pages more efficiently. Provide your sitemap to Google Search Console and Bing Webmaster Tools to facilitate the indexing of your website.
  • Robots.txt: Use a robots.txt file to guide search engines on how to crawl and index your website. This helps you prevent search engines from accessing sensitive pages or sections of your site that you don't want to be indexed.

4. Off-Page Optimization:

Off-Page SEO Optimization

Off-Page SEO Optimization

Build the authority and credibility of your website by obtaining high-quality backlinks from other reputable websites. This sends a signal to search engines that your content is valuable and trustworthy. Strategies for off-page optimization include:

  • Guest Blogging: Compose guest articles for websites within your niche, and incorporate a backlink to your own site. This not only generates high-quality backlinks but also drives referral traffic and enhances your brand's visibility.
  • Social Media: Share your content on social media platforms to increase its reach and attract potential backlinks. Engage with your audience, respond to comments, and participate in relevant discussions to build your brand's online presence.
  • Local SEO: If you're a local business, optimize your website for local search results. Create a Google My Business listing, include local keywords in your content, and obtain local backlinks from credible sources like local directories and community websites.

5. Measure and Analyze: Regularly track and analyze your website's performance using tools such as Google Analytics, Google Search Console, and third-party SEO tools. Monitor organic traffic, keyword rankings, and user engagement metrics to identify areas for improvement and refine your SEO strategy accordingly.


Optimizing your website for search engines is an ongoing process that requires continuous effort, adaptation, and learning. By following the above-mentioned website SEO optimization techniques, you can significantly improve your search engine rankings, drive organic traffic, and, ultimately, boost your online presence. Remember the story of John's local bakery; with the right SEO techniques, you, too, can turn your website into a successful venture that stands out in the crowded digital landscape.

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