Web Development

Top 25 Programming Languages for Beginners to Learn in 2024

Published: 25th May, 2023

Anupama Raj

Content Writer at almaBetter

Uncover the top programming languages for beginners in 2024, from Python to JavaScript and kickstart your coding journey with the best languages for success.

Looking to crack the code and dive into the exciting world of programming? Well, you've come to the right place! In this blog, we will explore the top programming languages in demand for beginners in 2024.

In today's digital landscape, learning a programming language has become essential, whether you're aiming to pursue a career in software development or simply want to enhance your problem-solving skills. It's also important to note that they are not only relevant for the present but also hold a vital role in shaping the future of Web Development.

With numerous options available, we've carefully curated a list of the top programming languages to learn that are beginner-friendly, widely adopted, and hold immense potential for growth in the years to come.


Python continues to dominate the programming world and is widely regarded as an excellent language for beginners. It's always among the top trending programming languages and its simplicity, readability, and extensive community support make it a perfect choice for newcomers.


As the backbone of Web Development, JavaScript is an essential language to learn. It enables interactivity on websites and is compatible with all modern browsers, making it a versatile language for front-end and back-end development.

Know more with our latest guide on the Difference Between Python and JavaScript!


Java remains one of the most popular programming languages globally. Known for its scalability, security, and extensive libraries, Java is widely used in enterprise applications, Android development, and big data processing.

Evaluate your skills with our new Online Java Compiler, Python Editor, and JavaScript Compiler!


C# (C sharp) is the go-to language for Microsoft-based development. It is widely used in building Windows applications, game development with Unity, and cross-platform mobile apps using Xamarin.


If you're interested in iOS app development, Swift is the language for you. Developed by Apple, Swift is intuitive, modern, and offers powerful features for creating robust and efficient iOS and macOS applications.


C++ is a powerful language that combines the low-level capabilities of C with high-level abstractions. It is extensively used in game development, system programming, and creating performance-critical applications.


Ruby's simplicity and readability make it a favorite among beginners. It has a thriving community and is widely used in Web Development frameworks like Ruby on Rails.


Go, also known as Golang, has gained popularity for its simplicity and efficiency. It is designed to build scalable and concurrent applications, making it an excellent choice for server-side development.


Kotlin, an officially supported language for Android development, offers modern features and seamless interoperability with Java. Its concise syntax and reduced boilerplate code make it a pleasure to work with.


TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that introduces static typing, making it easier to build large-scale JavaScript applications. It is widely used in frameworks like Angular and React.


Despite its age, PHP remains a significant language for Web Development, especially when working with content management systems like WordPress. It offers a vast ecosystem and powers numerous websites on the internet.

Learn more with our latest blog "Features of PHP" and "Ruby vs Python".


Rust has gained attention for its focus on memory safety and performance. It is a systems programming language used in projects that require both high-level abstractions and low-level control.


MATLAB is widely used in scientific and engineering domains. It provides an interactive environment for numerical computing, data analysis, and visualizations.


R is the language of choice for statisticians and data scientists. With its extensive library ecosystem and powerful statistical analysis capabilities, R is perfect for handling data manipulation and visualization.


Scala combines object-oriented and functional programming paradigms, making it a versatile language for building scalable applications. It is commonly used in big data processing with Apache Spark.


Lua is a lightweight and fast scripting language. It is often embedded in applications or used in game development due to its simplicity and performance.


Perl is known for its text processing capabilities and is widely used in system administration, Web Development, and network programming. It has a rich set of libraries and is highly flexible.


C is a foundational language that provides low-level control over hardware. It is widely used in operating systems, embedded systems, and performance-critical applications.


Groovy is a dynamic language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is often used for scripting, test automation, and building domain-specific languages.


Julia is a high-level, high-performance language for technical computing. It combines the ease of use of dynamic languages with the speed of compiled languages, making it popular in scientific computing and machine learning.

Shell Scripting

Shell scripting involves writing scripts to automate tasks on Unix-based systems. It is valuable for system administration and can save significant time and effort.


Dart is the programming language used for building applications with the Flutter framework. It offers a reactive and modern approach to cross-platform mobile app development.


PowerShell is a task automation and configuration management framework developed by Microsoft. It is widely used in Windows system administration and scripting.


Lua is a lightweight and fast scripting language. It is often embedded in applications or used in game development due to its simplicity and performance.


COBOL, although an older language, still plays a crucial role in legacy systems and financial institutions. It offers strong data processing capabilities and remains in demand for maintaining existing applications.

Read our new guide "Dynamic Programming"


In conclusion, exploring the top programming languages in the world for beginners has opened a world of possibilities for aspiring programmers. Whether you're drawn to the simplicity of Python, the versatility of JavaScript, or the efficiency of C++, there's a language out there that will resonate with you. Remember, the journey of learning programming doesn't end with choosing a language; it's an ongoing process of growth and adaptation.

To accelerate your learning and gain hands-on experience, consider enrolling in AlmaBetter's Full Stack Web Development course. With their comprehensive curriculum, expert instructors, and practical projects, you'll acquire the skills and confidence to excel in the dynamic field of programming. Don't miss out on this opportunity to unleash your coding potential and embark on an exciting career path. Happy coding!

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