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Literals in Python

Module - 2 Basics of Python Programming
Literals in Python

In Python, a literal ūüĒĘ is a notation representing a fixed value in the code. It is a constant value that doesn't change ūüöę during the execution ūüíĽ of the program. ūüďö This lesson will provide ūüďĚ a clear understanding ūü߆ of Python literals.

What are Literals in Python?

Python Literals

Python Literals

There was a software engineer named Alie who needed to learn Python. She chose to begin with the basics; one of the primary things she learned about was literal. ūüí° Alie knew that in Python, literals are fixed values that represent constant data in Python code. They are utilized to assign values to variables, define constants, and perform different operations within the code. ūüíĽ She was presented to a few types of literals, such as numeric literals, string literals in python, boolean literals, None literal, and container literals ūüď¶. To better understand these literals in python, Alie decided to utilize them in a story. ūüďĖ This lesson will examine diverse types of literals in python and their utilization.

Types of Literals in Python

Types of Literals

Types of Literals

Alie knew Python supports several types of literals in python, including:

  1. Numeric Literals
  2. String Literals
  3. Boolean Literals
  4. None Literal
  5. Container Literals

Numeric Literals in Python

In Python, a numeric literal is a notation representing a fixed numeric value in the code. Python has three types of numeric literals: integer literals, floating-point literals, and complex literals.

  1. Integer literals: Integer literals are used to represent whole numbers in Python. They can be positive, negative, or zero. Examples include:
42 # positive integer 
-123 # negative integer 
0 # zero
  1. Floating-point literals: Floating-point literals are used to represent decimal numbers in Python. They can be positive, negative, or zero and written using scientific notation. Examples include:
3.14 # positive floating-point number
- 2.5 # negative floating-point number
4.2e-3 # positive floating-point number written in scientific notation
  1. Complex literals: Complex literals are used to represent complex numbers in Python. They consist of a real part and an imaginary part, which are both floating-point numbers. The imaginary part is denoted by the letter "j." Examples include:
- 2 + 3j # complex number with a real part of 2 and an imaginary part of 3
- 1.5 - 2.5j # complex number with a real part of -1.5 and an imaginary part of -2.5

Numeric literals in python are used in mathematical operations, comparisons, and other numeric computations. She started using numeric literal to represent the ages of different characters in her story. For example, she wrote:

alie_age = 25
bobby_age = 30
john_age = 35

String Literals in Python

String literals in python represent strings of characters in Python. They are enclosed in single quotes, double quotes, or triple quotes. Examples include:

- 'hello' # a string literal enclosed in single quotes
- "world" # a string literal enclosed in double quotes
- '''Python is a programming language. It is used for web development, scientific computing,artificial intelligence, and more.''' # a string literal enclosed in triple quotes

Next, Alie used string literals to represent the characters' names in her story. She wrote:

alie_name = 'Alie'
bobby_name = "Bobby"
john_name = '''John'''

Boolean Literals in Python

Boolean literals represent the truth values True and False in Python. Examples include:

- True # a boolean literal representing true
- False # a boolean literal representing false

Alie also used boolean literals to represent whether the characters were friends. She wrote:

alie_and_bob_are_friends = True
bob_and_charlie_are_friends = False

None Literal in Python

The None literal represents a null value in Python. Examples include:

None # a None literal representing null

Container Literals In Python

Container literals represent data structures that can contain other literals in python.

  1. List Literals: List literals are used to represent a list of values. They are enclosed in square brackets and separated by commas.
  2. Tuple Literals: Tuple literals are used to represent a sequence of values. They are enclosed in parentheses and separated by commas.
  3. Dictionary Literals: Dictionary literals are used to represent key-value pairs. They are enclosed in curly braces and separated by commas.
- [1, 2, 3] # a list literal containing integers
- {'name': 'Alie', 'age': 25} # a dictionary literal containing key-value pairs
- (1, 2, 3) # a tuple literal containing integers

Finally, Alie used container literals to different group types of literals. For example, she used a literal list to represent the different items in Alie's backpack:

alie_backpack = ['book', 'water bottle', 'snacks']
alie_info = {'name': 'Alie', 'age': 25, 'is_friend': True}
bobby_info = {'name': 'Bobby', 'age': 30, 'is_friend': True}
john_info = {'name': 'John', 'age': 35, 'is_friend': False}

These literals in python are used to represent constant values in Python programs, and they cannot be modified once they are defined.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Python literals ūüĒĘūüĒ§ūüďÉ represent constant values in Python code. They cannot be modified during the execution of the program. Understanding literals in python is crucial for writing efficient and readable code. Python supports different types of literals, such as numeric literals ūüĒĘ, string literals ūüĒ°, boolean literals, None literal, and container literals ūüď¶.

Key Takeaways on Literals in Python

  • Literals in python are fixed values that represent constant data in Python code. They are utilized to relegate values to variables, define constants, and perform different operations within the code. ūüíĽ
  • Python has a few types of literals, including numeric literals, string literals, boolean literals, None literal, and container literals. ūüď¶
  • Numeric literals incorporate integer, floating-point, and complex literals, which are utilized in numerical operations, comparisons, and other numeric computations. ūüĒĘ
  • String literals in python represent strings of characters in Python and are encased in single quotes, double quotes, or triple quotes. ūüĒ§
  • Boolean literals represent the truth values Genuine and Wrong in Python. ‚úĒÔłŹ‚ĚĆ
  • The None literal represents a null value in Python. ūüÖĺÔłŹ
  • Container literals represent data structures that can contain other literals, counting list literals, tuple literals, and dictionary literals. ūüď¶
  • Literals in python can be utilized to gather diverse literals and represent complex data structures.ūü§Ě

Quiz

  1. What do you mean by python literals? 
    1. Fixed values that represent constant data in Python code. 
    2. Variable values that can be changed during the execution of the program.  
    3. Values that are used to perform mathematical operations in Python. 
    4. Values that are used to perform logical operations in Python.

Answer: a) Fixed values that represent constant data in Python code.

  1. How many types of numeric literals are there in Python? 
    1. 2 
    2. 3 
    3. 4 
    4. 5

Answer: b) 3

  1. How are string literals enclosed in Python?
    1. In square brackets
    2. In parentheses
    3. In single quotes, double quotes, or triple quotes
    4. In curly braces

Answer: c) In single quotes, double quotes, or triple quotes

  1. What does the None literal represent in Python?
    1. A null value
    2. An empty value
    3. A false value
    4. A true value

Answer: a) A null value

  1. Which type of literal is used to represent a sequence of values in Python?
    1. List literals
    2. Tuple literals
    3. Dictionary literals
    4. Container literals

Answer: b) Tuple literals

  1. Which type of literal is used to represent a data structure that can contain other literals in Python? 
    1. List literals 
    2. Tuple literals 
    3. Dictionary literals 
    4. Container literals

Answer: d) Container literals

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