Web Development

Debugging Techniques And Tips For Web Developers

Published: 3rd July, 2023

Arunav Goswami

Data Science Consultant at almaBetter

Discover debugging techniques for Web Development. Learn tips to quickly identify and resolve issues in your code. Boost productivity with effective debugging.

Everyone has problems in life, and some people are able to solve them quickly, but some others deal with the inability to debug daily issues easily, which causes some stress and of course, more problems. For example, when their cars don't start, they try to figure out whether the battery is dead or whether there is a lack of fuel.

Debugging is an important aspect of software development that can often be time-consuming and frustrating. But with the help of debugging tips, tricks, and the right tools, debugging can be much easier and more efficient. We will explore various tools and debugging techniques that can help you quickly identify and resolve issues in your code.

What is Debugging?

As a Web Developer, debugging is an essential skill to identify and fix issues in your code. In short, we can say it is the method of figuring out why a process or system doesn't work properly.

Debugging is an essential part of Web Development, and mastering the art of debugging can significantly improve your productivity and the quality of your code.

Here are some debugging tips and tricks that can help you with Web Development debugging:

Tips and tricks.png

Tips and Tricks for Web Development Debugging

1. Understand the Error: We should read and understand the error from the console output. It often provides valuable information about the problem, including the file, line number, and a description of the error. Understanding the error message can save you a lot of time in debugging.

2. Debugging Statements: Track the flow of your code and identify issues by inserting console.log() statements in your code to print out variable values, function calls, or any other information. It helps you in debugging effectively. You can view these logs in the browser's console.


Code snippet showing debugging statements

3. Breakpoints: By using the browser's developer tools, you can set breakpoints in your code. Breakpoints pause the execution of your code at a specific line. It allows you to inspect variables, step through the code, and observe the program's state at that point. It is particularly useful for understanding the behavior of complex code.

Using breakpoints in the debugger

Using breakpoints in the debugger

Advantages of breakpoints:

  • To understand the program as a whole, since it is much easier to examine all variables.
  • To view program flow without having to predict the exact order you want to inspect.
  • Breakpoints allow you to pause the code without rebuilding it.
  • You can set conditional breakpoints in many IDEs that only pause when a certain condition in the code is reached.

4. Watch Expressions: You can also define watch expressions in the developer tools when using breakpoints. Watch expressions are those expressions, or we can say variables whose values are continuously monitored while debugging. That’s how you can keep track of specific variables and their values as you step through the code.

5. Divide and Conquer: For debugging, you can divide the program into many logical parts. By doing so helps to isolate the problem area and makes it easier to identify the root cause. Thus it is one of the best ways to debug your code.

6. Test in Different Environments: Sometimes, problems can be specific to certain browsers, devices, or operating systems. So you should test on different environments to check for compatibility issues and browser-specific bugs.

7. Use Version Control: Using version control systems like Git to track changes in your codebase. By using version control, you can roll back to the previous working state if a bug is introduced, and then it helps you to understand what changes might have caused the issue.

8. Validate Inputs: Check if your inputs, from data or API responses, are as expected. To prevent security vulnerabilities and unexpected behavior, validate and sanitize user inputs. For your chosen framework, use tools like Joi, Yup, or any built-in validation features.

Use the Right Tools

The most important thing for debugging is to use the right tools for the job. There are different debugging tools available for different programming languages, frameworks, and environments, so it's important to know what tools are available for your specific situation. Some popular debugging tools include:

  • GDB: It is a GNU Debugger which is a powerful command-line debugger used for many languages.
  • LLDB: a command-line debugger is also similar to GDB and is often used for debugging iOS and macOS apps.
  • Visual Studio Code: it is a popular code editor that has a built-in debugger.
  • Chrome DevTools: This debugging tool is a built-in Chrome browser and can be used to debug web apps.


Debugging is an iterative process that takes some time, and for this, patience is the key. By employing these tips and tricks, you can become more effective in identifying and resolving issues in your Web Development projects. Debugging is one of the essential skills for Web Developers. We should always remember to validate our web page, make use of browser developer tools, set breakpoints for debugging, utilize console.log(), integrate linting tools, and take advantage of live reloading to maximize our productivity and code quality. By using these debugging strategies mentioned in this article, you can improve your debugging skills and resolve issues in your web applications more efficiently.

Read our recent blog on "3 Key Differences between Web Design and Web Development".

Want to learn more about Web Development from scratch? Join AlmaBetter and develop a deep understanding of Web Development trends.

Frequently asked Questions

1. What is the importance of debugging in Web Development?

Answer: Debugging is crucial in Web Development as it helps identify and fix issues in code. It improves productivity and code quality, allowing developers to resolve problems efficiently and deliver robust web applications.

2. What are some effective debugging techniques for Web Developers?

Answer: Some useful debugging techniques include reading and understanding error messages from the console output, using console.log() statements to track code flow and print variable values, setting breakpoints in the browser's developer tools to pause code execution for inspection, using watch expressions to monitor specific variables, and dividing the program into logical parts to isolate and identify problems easily.

3. What are the recommended tools for debugging in Web Development?

Answer: Several debugging tools are available for Web Developers, such as GDB for command-line debugging, LLDB for iOS and macOS app debugging, Visual Studio Code with its built-in debugger, and Chrome DevTools for debugging web apps. Choosing the right tool based on the programming language, framework, and environment is essential for effective debugging.

4. How can I effectively debug JavaScript code in the browser?

Answer: Utilize browser developer tools like Chrome DevTools or Firefox Developer Tools to set breakpoints, inspect variables, and step through code execution. Console logging and error messages can provide valuable insights. Also, leverage the "debugger" statement to pause code execution and examine the state.

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