Artificial Intelligence

Human Intelligence vs Artificial Intelligence: Explained

Published: 28th June, 2023

Arpit Mehar

Content Developer Associate at almaBetter

Human Intelligence vs. Artificial Intelligence. What are the significant differences between the two thriving and exciting subjects? Read more to find out!

Artificial Intelligence vs. human intelligence is a debate that has been going on for years. As these are two distinct topics, they are often compared and contrasted. In simple terms, it’s essentially a battle; human brain vs Artificial Intelligence. The field of AI is experiencing rapid growth, intending to create machines capable of executing tasks that traditionally necessitate human intelligence, encompassing learning, reasoning, problem-solving, and perception. On the other hand, human intelligence refers to the cognitive capacity possessed by humans, enabling them to comprehend and engage with their surroundings. Although AI and human intelligence exhibit certain resemblances, there exist noteworthy distinctions between the two.

In this blog, we will explore all the key differences between Artificial Intelligence and human intelligence and learn how AI impacts the world.

Before we learn the difference between AI and human intelligence, let’s understand the definitions of Artificial Intelligence and human intelligence.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the field of computer science and technology that focuses on creating intelligent machines capable of simulating and executing tasks that typically necessitate human intelligence. AI systems aim to exhibit various cognitive abilities, including learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, and decision-making. These systems are designed to analyze and interpret vast amounts of data, adapt to changing circumstances, and improve performance over time.

AI encompasses a wide range of techniques and approaches, such as Machine Learning, NLP (Natural Language Processing), Cognitive AI, and robotics. Moreover, this technology is making a significant contribution in several domains. For example, AI in agriculture is one of the best implementations, helping several farmers improve their production.

Tech professionals develop machines through Artificial Intelligence engineering. It refers to the field of engineering that focuses on developing and implementing Artificial Intelligence systems. It involves the application of engineering principles, techniques, and methodologies to design, build, and optimize AI systems.

What is Human Intelligence?

Human intelligence refers to the cognitive capabilities and mental faculties possessed by human beings. It encompasses learning, understanding, reasoning, solving problems, perceiving and interpreting sensory information, adapting to new situations, and making decisions based on knowledge and experience. The capacity for abstract thinking, creativity, emotional intelligence, social awareness, and communication skills characterizes human intelligence. It allows humans to acquire knowledge, process information, recognize patterns, and engage in complex cognitive tasks.

Genetic factors, environmental experiences, education, cultural influences, and individual differences influence human intelligence. It plays a fundamental role in human interactions, problem-solving, innovation, and overall adaptation to the world.

Difference Between Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence in Tabular Form

AspectHuman Intelligence (HI)Artificial Intelligence (AI)
LearningLearns from experiences and dataLearns from data through algorithms
CreativityDisplays creative thinkingCan simulate creative processes
Emotional IntelligencePossesses emotional understandingLacks emotional understanding
Cognitive LimitationsSubject to cognitive biasesNot susceptible to biases
AdaptabilityAdapts to various situationsAdapts based on programming
SpeedVariable processing speedsExtremely fast processing
MemoryLimited memory capacityVirtually unlimited memory capacity
Decision MakingInfluenced by emotionsMakes decisions based on algorithms
Contextual UnderstandingGrasps complex contextsUnderstands based on programmed data
Physical LimitationsSubject to physical fatigueOperates without physical limits

Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence: Key Differences

Now that we have learned about both concepts, and the basics of the difference between human intelligence and artificial intelligence, now let’s understand “what is the difference between human intelligence and artificial intelligence” in detail.

Origin: AI is a product of human engineering and programming, while human intelligence is an inherent characteristic of human beings.

Nature of Intelligence: AI focuses on specific tasks and problem-solving within predefined domains, whereas human intelligence is more general-purpose and adaptable, allowing humans to excel in a wide range of tasks and contexts.

Learning: AI systems primarily learn from data and algorithms, such as through machine learning techniques, while human intelligence incorporates complex learning processes involving perception, experience, intuition, and social interactions.

Creativity and Imagination: Human intelligence has the capacity for creativity, imagination, and the ability to generate novel ideas and solutions. AI, in its current state, lacks the intuitive and imaginative capabilities of human intelligence.

Emotional Intelligence: Human intelligence includes emotional intelligence, the ability to perceive, understand, and manage emotions in oneself and others. AI lacks emotional intelligence and does not experience emotions.

Contextual Understanding: Human intelligence possesses a deep understanding of contextual information, cultural nuances, and the ability to interpret and respond appropriately to complex and ambiguous situations. AI systems typically lack the same level of contextual understanding and struggle with ambiguous or novel scenarios.

Ethical and Moral Reasoning: Human intelligence incorporates ethical and moral reasoning, allowing individuals to consider values, make ethical judgments, and act in accordance with moral principles. AI lacks an inherent ethical framework and relies on human programming for ethical considerations.

What will the Future of AI vs Human Intelligence be?

The future of human vs AI is likely to be one of collaboration. AI will automate tasks and improve efficiency, but it will not replace humans. Instead, AI will augment human capabilities, freeing us up to focus on more creative and strategic work.

The key to a successful future for humans and AI is to ensure that AI is developed and used in a responsible way. We need to be mindful of the potential risks of AI, such as job displacement and bias, and take steps to mitigate them. We also need to ensure that AI is aligned with human values, such as fairness and justice.

If we do this, AI has the potential to make the world a better place for everyone. It can help us to solve some of the world's most pressing problems, such as climate change and poverty. It can also help us to create a more productive and fulfilling future for all.


In this blog, we explored  Human intelligence vs. Artificial Intelligence and learned all the key differences. In conclusion, It's important to note that AI is continuously evolving, and future advancements may bring AI closer to emulating some aspects of human intelligence. However, at present, there remain significant distinctions between the two. On the other hand, attaining human-like intelligence for AI is challenging for several reasons mentioned above. It is safe to say that human vs Artificial Intelligence is a debate that cannot be settled now.

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