Data Science

How to become a Data Scientist in 2024? A Complete Roadmap

Published: 4th September, 2023

Anupama Raj

Content Writer at almaBetter

Discover and explore the ultimate guide on how to become a Data Scientist, with step-by-step instructions, skills, and tips for success for a rewarding career.

In a world where data reigns supreme, the role of a Data Scientist has emerged as one of the most sought-after and impactful careers. Whether you're a recent high school graduate, a seasoned professional looking to switch fields, or simply someone intrigued by the world of data, this guide will illuminate your path to becoming a Data Scientist. We will navigate through the skills you need, educational routes to consider, practical experiences to gain, and the ever-evolving landscape of Data Science.

What is Data Science?

Data Science is the field that deals with extracting meaningful insights and knowledge from data. It combines various techniques from statistics, mathematics, computer science, and domain-specific knowledge to analyze and interpret data. Data Scientists play a crucial role in helping organizations make data-driven decisions, predict future trends, and solve complex problems.

Who can become a Data Scientist? Data Science is an inclusive field, and anyone with a passion for data analysis, problem-solving, and a commitment to learning can become a data scientist.

Why Become a Data Scientist?

Becoming a Data Scientist offers several compelling reasons:

High Demand: Data Scientists are in high demand globally, and this demand is expected to continue growing.

Lucrative Salaries: Data Scientists often earn competitive salaries due to their specialized skills.

Diverse Applications: Data Science is used in various domains, including healthcare, finance, marketing, and technology.

Intellectual Challenge: Data Science involves solving complex problems and discovering hidden patterns in data, making it intellectually stimulating.

Impactful Work: Data-driven insights can lead to significant improvements in businesses and society.

Now that you have an idea of what Data Science is and why it's an attractive career, let us dive into the details of how to become a Data Scientist.

What Does a Data Scientist Do?

Data Scientists are often referred to as the "magicians of the data world" due to their remarkable ability to turn raw data into valuable insights and actionable solutions. In this section, we will delve into the fascinating world of Data Science and explore what Data Scientists do on a day-to-day basis.

1. Data Collection and Cleaning

A significant part of a Data Scientist's job involves collecting and preparing data for analysis. They gather data from various sources, which can include databases, APIs, sensors, and even social media platforms. This data is often messy and unstructured, so Data Scientists need to clean and preprocess it to ensure accuracy and consistency.

2. Data Exploration and Visualization

Once the data is ready, Data Scientists dive into exploratory data analysis (EDA). This step involves using statistical techniques and data visualization tools to understand the data's characteristics, patterns, and potential insights. They create charts, graphs, and other visualizations to communicate their findings effectively.

3. Feature Engineering

Feature engineering is a crucial step in machine learning. Data Scientists engineer or select the most relevant features (variables) from the dataset to use in building predictive models. This process requires domain knowledge and a deep understanding of the problem at hand.

4. Machine Learning Model Building

Data Scientists apply machine learning algorithms to the prepared data to build predictive models. These models can range from simple linear regression to complex deep learning models, depending on the problem's complexity. Data Scientists select the appropriate algorithms, train the models, and fine-tune them to achieve the best possible performance.

5. Model Evaluation and Validation

Building a model is just the beginning. Data Scientists must rigorously evaluate their models to ensure they are accurate and reliable. This involves using various metrics and techniques to validate the model's performance, such as cross-validation and confusion matrices.

6. Deployment and Integration

Once a model is ready, Data Scientists work on deploying it into a production environment. This often involves collaborating with software engineers to integrate the model into an application or system, ensuring that it can make real-time predictions or recommendations.

7. Monitoring and Maintenance

Data Scientists don't stop once a model is deployed. They continuously monitor its performance and make necessary adjustments. Over time, data distributions may change, requiring model retraining and updates to maintain accuracy.

8. Communication and Reporting

One of the essential aspects of a Data Scientist's role is effectively communicating their findings and insights to non-technical stakeholders. They need to translate complex technical results into understandable terms, enabling informed decision-making within organizations.

9. Ethical Considerations

Data Scientists also play a critical role in ensuring ethical data usage. They must consider privacy, fairness, and bias when handling data and building models. Ethical considerations are becoming increasingly important in the field of Data Science.

10. Innovation and Research

Data Science is an ever-evolving field. Data Scientists often engage in continuous learning and research to stay updated with the latest techniques and technologies. They may explore cutting-edge approaches to solve new and challenging problems.

2. Skills Required to become a Data Scientist

Data Scientist Skills are a combination of technical, soft, and domain-specific skills.

Technical Skills

Programming Languages

Python: Widely used for data manipulation, analysis, and visualization.

R: Especially useful for statistical analysis and data visualization.

SQL: Essential for managing and querying relational databases.

Data Manipulation Libraries

Pandas: For data cleaning and manipulation.

NumPy: Used for numerical operations on data.

Scikit-Learn: A library for machine learning in Python.

Data Visualization Tools

Matplotlib and Seaborn: Python libraries for creating data visualizations.

Tableau and Power BI: Tools for creating interactive dashboards.

Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Scikit-Learn: For classical machine learning algorithms.

TensorFlow and PyTorch: For deep learning.

Big Data Technologies

Hadoop and Spark: For handling large-scale data processing.

Soft Skills

Communication: Effective communication is crucial for explaining complex findings to non-technical stakeholders.

Critical Thinking: Data Scientists need to think critically and approach problems methodically.

Problem-Solving: Data Science involves tackling complex, real-world problems.

Curiosity: A desire to explore and discover insights in data.

Teamwork: Collaboration with other professionals, such as data engineers and business analysts, is common.

Domain Knowledge

Having domain-specific knowledge can be a significant advantage in Data Science. For example, if you're interested in healthcare data, understanding medical terminology and processes will enhance your ability to derive valuable insights.

3. Educational Background

How to Become a Data Scientist After 12th

If you are passionate about Data Science and want to pursue it straight out of high school, you can take the following steps:

Choose the Right Stream: In your 11th and 12th grades, focus on subjects such as mathematics and computer science.

Bachelor's Degree: Pursue a bachelor's degree in a related field like computer science, mathematics, statistics, or Data Science. Many universities and colleges offer Data Science programs.

Online Courses: If you are wondering how can I become a Data Scientist, start with online courses in Data Science, statistics, and programming. This will help you build a foundational knowledge. Complement your formal education with online courses and certifications in Data Science and related topics.

Hands-On Projects: Start working on personal Data Science projects to apply what you've learned.

How to become a Data Scientist with no experience?

Data Science is a field where practical skills often matter more than formal qualifications. If you don't have a relevant degree or work experience, here's how you can still become a Data Scientist:

Build a Portfolio: Create personal projects to demonstrate your skills. These projects can be shared on platforms like GitHub and LinkedIn.

Competitions: Participate in Data Science competitions on platforms like Kaggle. It's a great way to learn and showcase your abilities.

Networking: Attend Data Science meetups and conferences to connect with professionals in the field.

Internships: Look for data-related internships or entry-level positions to gain practical experience.

Online Communities: Join online communities like Reddit's r/Data Science and LinkedIn groups dedicated to Data Science.

Remember, the key to breaking into Data Science without a traditional background is persistence and continuous learning.

4. Building a Strong Foundation

Enrolling in a reputable Masters in Data Science or Data Science course can be a crucial step in gaining the knowledge and skills needed for a successful career in Data Science.

Step-by-Step Guide

Here is a “how to become a Data Scientist step by step guide”:

Step 1: Learn the Basics

  • Start by acquiring a strong foundation in the basics.
  • Learn programming languages like Python and R.
  • Familiarize yourself with data manipulation libraries like Pandas and NumPy.
  • Understand SQL for database management.

Step 2: Statistics and Mathematics

Data Science heavily relies on statistics and mathematics. Topics to cover include:

  • Probability and statistics.
  • Linear algebra.
  • Calculus.

Step 3: Data Visualization

Data visualization is crucial for conveying insights. Learn how to create meaningful visualizations using tools like Matplotlib and Tableau.

Step 4: Machine Learning

Study machine learning algorithms and techniques. Implement them using libraries like Scikit-Learn.

Step 5: Real-World Projects

Apply your knowledge to real-world projects. Building a portfolio is essential for showcasing your skills.

Step 6: Deep Learning (Optional)

If interested in deep learning, explore frameworks like TensorFlow and PyTorch.

Step 7: Big Data Technologies (Optional)

Gain familiarity with Hadoop and Spark for handling large datasets.

Steps to Become a Data Scientist

Step 1: Choose Your Path: Decide on your educational background and career entry point, whether it's right after high school or as a career switch.

Step 2: Learn the Basics: Start with programming languages and data manipulation tools.

Step 3: Master Statistics and Mathematics: Build a strong foundation in mathematical concepts.

Step 4: Acquire Data Visualization Skills: Learn to present data effectively.

Step 5: Dive into Machine Learning: Understand the algorithms and how to implement them.

Step 6: Work on Projects: Apply your skills through hands-on projects.

Step 7: Consider Specialization: Explore deep learning or big data technologies if they align with your interests.

The Path to Becoming a Data Scientist

The path to becoming a Data Scientist is not linear. It may involve pivoting between learning, practicing, and gaining experience. Remember that learning is an ongoing process in this field.

Data Scientist Roadmap to Success

A successful journey to becoming a Data Scientist involves setting goals and milestones. Here's a roadmap to become a Data Scientist to guide you:

Year 1: Learn the basics of programming, data manipulation, and statistics.

Year 2: Deepen your knowledge of statistics and mathematics while gaining proficiency in data visualization.

Year 3: Dive into machine learning and start working on personal Data Science projects.

Year 4: Consider pursuing advanced topics like deep learning or big data technologies.

Throughout: Network, attend meetups, and continuously update your skills.

5. Gaining Practical Experience

Practical experience is invaluable in Data Science. Here are ways to gain it:


Internships provide hands-on experience and access to real-world data. Seek internships at companies or research institutions that align with your interests.

Kaggle Competitions

Kaggle is a platform where Data Scientists compete on data-related challenges. Participating in Kaggle competitions can enhance your problem-solving skills.

Personal Projects

Working on personal Data Science projects allows you to explore topics you're passionate about and build a portfolio.

Open Source Contributions

Contribute to open source Data Science projects on platforms like GitHub. It showcases your coding and collaboration skills.

6. Networking and Community

Building a network in the Data Science community can open doors to opportunities and learning resources.

Joining Data Science Communities

Platforms like Reddit, Stack Overflow, and LinkedIn host active Data Science communities where you can ask questions and share knowledge.

Attending Conferences and Meetups

Attend conferences like the Data Science Summit and local meetups to connect with professionals and stay updated on industry trends.

Connecting on Social Media

Follow Data Science influencers and organizations on Twitter, LinkedIn, and other social media platforms to stay informed and engaged.

7. Building Your Portfolio

Your portfolio is a testament to your skills and capabilities as a Data Scientist. Here's how to build an impressive one:

Showcasing Your Work

Document your projects with detailed explanations of your approach, methodologies, and results.

  • Include code samples on platforms like GitHub.
  • Create a personal website or blog to showcase your work.
  • Creating an Online Presence

Build a strong online presence by:

  • Sharing your insights and knowledge through blog posts.
  • Engaging in discussions on Data Science forums and social media.
  • Collaborating with others on data-related projects.

8. Applying for Data Science Roles

Once you have acquired the necessary skills and built a solid portfolio, it is time to apply for Data Science jobs.

Crafting an Impressive Resume

  • Highlight your technical skills and projects on your resume.
  • Emphasize your problem-solving abilities and domain knowledge.
  • Tailor your resume to the specific job you're applying for.

Nailing the Interview

Data science interviews often include technical assessments and behavioral questions. Prepare by practicing coding exercises and formulating answers to common interview questions.

Where to Look for Data Science Jobs

The path to become a Data Scientist is not rigid; it allows flexibility for individuals to shape their journey based on their unique backgrounds and interests. Job search platforms like LinkedIn, Indeed, and Glassdoor are excellent resources for finding Data Science job openings. You can also explore job boards specific to Data Science, such as

Data Science Job Market in India

Many aspiring Data Scientists wonder how to become a Data Scientist in India, given the country's rapidly growing tech and data analytics industry. In India, the Data Science job market is thriving, with numerous opportunities in cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Pune. Industries such as IT, e-commerce, and finance are particularly active in hiring Data Scientists.

9. Data Scientist Salary

Data Scientist salary can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and industry. Here's what you need to know:

Factors Affecting Salary

  • Experience: Entry-level Data Scientists typically earn less than those with several years of experience.
  • Location: Salaries are higher in tech hubs like Silicon Valley.
  • Industry: Certain industries, like finance and healthcare, offer higher salaries.

Salary Ranges in Different Countries

  • United States: Data Scientists in the U.S. can earn an average of $100,000 to $150,000 per year.
  • India: In India, salaries for Data Scientists range from ₹6 lakhs to ₹20 lakhs per year, depending on experience and location.

When considering your career as a Data Scientist, it's essential to keep an eye on job opportunities with some of the Best Data Science Companies to harness your skills and contribute to groundbreaking projects.

11. Continuous Learning and Growth

Data Science is a dynamic field that constantly evolves. To stay relevant and advance your career, consider the following:

Staying Updated

Keep up with the latest developments in Data Science by reading research papers, blogs, and attending conferences.

Specialization and Advanced Degrees

Consider pursuing a master's or Ph.D. in Data Science or a related field for deeper knowledge and career advancement.

Enroll in our online Data Science Course in Hyderabad to excel in your tech career!


Becoming a Data Scientist is an exciting and rewarding journey. Whether you're starting right after high school or transitioning from another career, the key is dedication, continuous learning, and a passion for solving complex problems with data. What to do to become a Data Scientist includes mastering programming languages, acquiring statistical knowledge, and building a robust portfolio of data projects. Follow the steps outlined in this guide, build a strong portfolio, and network within the Data Science community to maximize your chances of success. With the high demand for Data Scientists worldwide, your skills and expertise will be in great demand as you embark on this fulfilling career path.

Remember, becoming a Data Scientist is not just about landing a job; it's about making a meaningful impact through data-driven insights and innovation. So, take the first step, and let your journey to becoming a Data Scientist begin today.

Frequently asked Questions

How to become a Data Scientist in India?

To become a Data Scientist in India, you need to acquire relevant skills, which can be achieved through education, self-study, and practical experience

How long does it take to become a Data Scientist?

It typically takes several years to become a proficient data scientist, but you can start working in entry-level roles within 1-2 years.

What to study to become a Data Scientist?

To become a data scientist, you should study programming, statistics, machine learning, and data analysis.

Can I become a Data Scientist in 1 year?

While it's challenging, it is possible to transition into a data scientist role within 1 year with intensive study and hands-on experience.

Related Articles

Top Tutorials

Made with heartin Bengaluru, India
  • Official Address
  • 4th floor, 133/2, Janardhan Towers, Residency Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560025
  • Communication Address
  • 4th floor, 315 Work Avenue, Siddhivinayak Tower, 152, 1st Cross Rd., 1st Block, Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560034
  • Follow Us
  • facebookinstagramlinkedintwitteryoutubetelegram

© 2024 AlmaBetter